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Yamkela Fortune Spengane

Black Conscious Pan Afrikanist - Rooted in Afrikanism, Black Consciousness in the Fanonian school of thought. Independent researcher.

Sipho Pityana is a grandstander of a faction of the ANC that is in the pocket of white monopoly capital

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So everyone is carrying on about the bravery of the Sipho Pityana for calling out the “moral decay” of the ANC and saying Jacob Zuma should resign at Makhenkesi Stofile’s funeral on Thursday. I also then took time to listen.

He spoke of how the party ceded moral high ground, which I don’t know existed when, to its opposition because of Jacob Zuma. Reiterating the false narrative that Jacob Zuma is the source of corruption in the ANC and prior to him becoming its president, it was some “glorious” movement. Nothing could be further from the truth… so I am taking it upon myself to clarify issues for those who might be deceived.

1. THE CORRUPTION OF THE ANC PREDATES CODESA – NEVER MIND JACOB ZUMA’S PRESIDENCY

To trace blatant corruption in the ANC, you have to go back decades before CODESA when they sold out the people in writing and officially. Let’s take this example: In exile many of the ANC top brass were engaging in corruption of donated money to fund activities of the ANC including MK, and they were beyond reproach. Joe Modise, who was head of MK was known for driving fancy cars and using 5 star hotels to a point where even Kenneth Kaunda complained as to how was it possible that he could drive fancier cars than even Ministers in Zambia. Ask Kenneth Kaunda, he is still alive.

In Quattro, Angola for instance, over 30 000 people who were part of the MK got executed by the MK itself. Most for raising issues against the high command of the MK who were looting funds while the people in the camps lacked even the most basic supplies. Torture too was a daily thing and many have spoken of this, and at one point war broke out against two camps where heavy numbers were lost and Chris Hani had to go and intervene (after Chris Hani almost got executed himself previously by a sentence passed by Joe Modise). The money that was supposed to fund an armed struggle was being misused through corruption by ANC top brass living lavishly away from apartheid South Africa, meanwhile the ordinary black people they claimed to be fighting for had been left fighting apartheid police bullets with stones and steel dustbin lids in the townships, they had taken it upon themselves to take apartheid head on because there wasn’t going to be any rescue. Still wondering how Soweto Uprising happened?

But these are the things you never hear about, the ANC has suppressed them into the dungeons of forgotten history like another horrendous issue of the normalised abuse and rape of women in MK camps, a no-go area…

Joe Modise went to further sell MK arms without consulting official channels, an official investigation by Chris Hani who was now Chief of Staff of MK led to Modise’s door. Unfortunately Chris Hani died two weeks before the hearing scheduled for Joe Modise to account for having sold MK arms. Joe Modise went on to become the first minister of defence in 1994 and would be the one to lead the formation of the SANDF that retained high military positions for all those SADF white soldiers while blacks were told they lack experience.

We could go back to the decades before, and how the leadership of the ANC has from the late 1940s been blatantly in the pockets of the Jews of the Communist Party who financed most activities. Like Arthur Goldreich and Harold Wolpe were the ones that bought Liliesleaf farm, that was to be the first headquarters of MK. Like it was Joe Slovo who was the first head of MK. Like Lionel Bernstein wrote the Freedom Charter. Like Jews were the legal counsel in cases of ANC leaders, a big example being Arthur Chaskalson and Joel Joffe who were two of the three defence lawyers in the Rivonia trial and were Jewish. Arthur Chaskalson later became the first Chief Justice post 1994. Even the head prosecutor of the Rivonia trial, Percy Yutar, was Jewish and he admitted in 1988 he changed the charge of treason to sabotage so the death penalty could be off the cards. Want to know where the Communist Party Jews got money from? None other than the Oppenheimers and co. This is why CODESA was hosted initially an Oppenheimer golf estate, oh and the Oppenheimers are of Jewish descent, and were funded into power by Nathan Rothschild who funded Cecil John Rhodes’s conquest to Africa and the formation of De Beers that became part of the Oppenheimers’s Anglo American.

Two weeks before his release from prison, these were Nelson Mandela’s words: “The nationalization of the mines, banks, and monopoly industries is the policy of the ANC, and the change or modification of our views in this regard is inconceivable. Black economic empowerment is a goal we fully support and encourage, but in our situation state control of certain sectors of the economy is unavoidable.” Those words were just rhetoric, the memorandum that had been orchestrated all along when the Jews wrote the Freedom Charter in 1955 was enforced that the selling out was definitely going to happen, and he completely changed tune and denied everything he had said later on. In his first post-election interview as president Mandela stated: “In our economic policies . . . there is not a single reference to things like nationalization, and this is not accidental . . .”

Following the 1994 election in which Mandela was elected president, the ANC submitted its economic program to Oppenheimer “for approval.” It was Jews that were tasked with strategic positions of state capture in Mandela’s cabinet, the ministry of finance given to Gill Marcus in 1994 as Deputy Minister, whose biggest task was privatising the South African Reserve Bank – effectively handing away the country’s monetary policy to white private hands. These are the outlines of the functions of SARB:

> Formulating and implementing monetary policy;

> Issuing banknotes and coin;

> Supervising the banking system;

> Ensuring the effective functioning of the national payment system (NPS);

> Managing official gold and foreign-exchange reserves;

> Acting as banker to the government;

> Administering the country’s remaining exchange controls; and

> Acting as lender of last resort in exceptional circumstances.

All of these tasks that are of primary national importance and are cornerstone to a country’s economy were privatised under ANC watch, and are owned by a foreign cartel of bankers. The Reserve Bank is undoubtedly the most powerful institution in the country, as Baron Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1744-1812), who is the founder of the Rothschild banking dynasty, aptly put it: “Give me control of a nation’s money supply and I care not who makes their laws.”
Whoever controls the means of production in a country – de facto the money supply – is the one with the real power; and as such the ANC sold out power to capitalists, because it is in the economy where power rests. The ANC surrendered the control of the Reserve Bank to white monopoly capital.

Its fate was explained by Vishnu Padaychee; who was tasked to draft a document for the CODESA negotiating team on the on the pro’s and con’s of having an autonomous central bank, run with total autonomy from the elected government. He and his team drafted and submitted the document with a clear policy of not allowing the Reserve Bank to be autonomous. He was later told by the negotiating team that they had conceded to the demands of white monopoly capital, backed by IMF loan guarantees, to privatise the Reserve Bank. Padayachee could not believe it. Vishnu Padayachee is now a distinguished professor of Economics and Business at Wits University; he has an excellent track record in economic and social policy research and research in banking. You can go ask him about the happenings around there.

Following that task, Gill Marcus immediately went to the already privatised Reserve Bank as deputy governor in 1999 and became its governor in 2009. Between 1997 and 2004, no less eighteen state-owned firms were sold by the South African government, summing up to about US$4 billion in total (approximately R58 billion today); and you never even heard of it once. No one made a noise about it because it was agreements of CODESA being implemented. It was part of the IMF agreement signed on 1 December 1993 to privatise state-owned enterprises to secure a US$850 million loan. I will expand on it when I get to Pravin Gordhan.

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You wake up over 22 years later screaming state capture when the state was captured long ago, with the cooperation of the very same people leading the current screaming. You need to get yourself informed, Mark Twain told you that reading newspapers is misinformation.

2. PITYANA IS HIMSELF A BENEFICIARY OF CRONYISM PACTS OF THE ANC WITH WHITE MONOPOLY CAPITAL

Sipho Pityana himself served as Director General of the Department of Labour from 1995 – 1999 (A Ministry headed by Tito Mboweni then) in Mandela’s tenure as President, and then went to serve as Director General of the Department of Foreign Affairs from 1999 – 2002 during Thabo Mbeki’s first tenure as President. Then he left to join “business”, the then newly found term for cadreship that was being assimilated into BEE positions by white capital as a spin-off of CODESA. By now I believe we know that BEE is a concept that came up with white monopoly capital, and the first usage of the term Black Economic Empowerment is from a Sanlam subsidiary back in 1997. We know the beneficiaries of Sanlam BEE right?

Anyway still on Sipho Pityana, in 2002 he emerges as Executive Director of Nedcor Investment Bank and Managing Director of Nedbank. These are subsidiaries of Old Mutual Holdings, now a British Insurance Giant listed on the London Stock Exchange. It is one of the many companies that were founded in South Africa, got listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange, but as part of the CODESA settlement to protect white monopoly capital’s ill-begotten wealth became dual listed in London and other western stock markets. There’s a long list of them.

Sipho went on to serve on many of these companies’s boards, JSE listed and all, including AngloGold Ashanti which he has served since February 2007 according to his bio that reads: “Sipho Mila Pityana is a senior director having joined the board of AngloGold Ashanti in February 2007. He is the chairman of the Safety, Health and Environment and the Nominations committees, and a member of the following committees: Remuneration and Human Resources, Social, Ethics and Transformation, Risk and Information Integrity, Investment and Financial Analysis committees. He was previously the Chairman of the Remuneration Committee.”

Now besides AngloGold being a spin-off company of Anglo American’s decentralisation, it is of particular interest to me because I come from an area where AngloGold Ashanti has been getting a huge percentage of its gold from in its entire history, that is Orkney in the North West Province. I have no hearsay accounts, but an eyewitness account of the brutality of its capitalism on my people. The statistics of fatalities of their mining accidents and silicosis victims who were laid off by the mines to die as paupers after years of service are not statistics to me; they are family members, relatives, friends, fathers of friends and people of my community whom we have buried. I can put faces to the statistics. Yet Kanana township has the highest rate of crime in the entire North West Province, one of the highest occurrences of gangster violence in the whole country and generally a place of misery; but no less than 11 gold mine shafts are within a 25 kilometer radius from the township, with most a walking distance from the township and all of that having been originally owned by AngloGold Ashanti before it laid some off. There however is no sign that the people live on top of gold deposits, no infrastructure, nothing. There is really nothing to show, not even a designated community fund, besides one buying politicians in the city councils. Not that it will be something we want, we want to own those mines.

So hearing this Pityana man saying “Zemk’iinkomo magwala ndini” really irked me off because the metaphor he was using he has no right to go near. He is a director of a cartel of AngloGold Ashanti that steals gold worth billions from my people annually, that owns land that is near half of the whole Dr Kenneth Kaunda District Municipality land area whereas my people are landless without space to even move. He then wants to point fingers at Zuma? Get out of here.

zuma

What Sipho Pityana was saying is a lot nothing, and Makhenkesi Stofile has no legacy outside that he was a member of a deceptive ANC and served as its premier and minister in government, and later ambassador to Germany (a dubious process that ambassador appointment thing that has seen both Winnie and Nelson Mandela’s daughters appointed as ambassadors). People must not lie about the dead…

Sipho Pityana cannot speak about movement and state capture supposedly being a recent occurrence when he himself was long captured by white monopoly capital along with whole movement. He must account for the gold he is actively signing off to England and America first and stop being a mouthpiece of white capital because we know there is no integrity in his words.

3. THE BATTLE IS BETWEEN THE WHITE MONOPOLY CAPITAL FACTION AND THE BRICS FACTION WITHIN THE ANC

Sipho Pityana is part of a faction that has beneficiaries of CODESA, who still hold directorship in these mining companies, banks and other white monopoly capital entities – basically the people still with the original state captors. So when someone speaks against Zuma from within the ANC, first check his CV as to where he falls before trusting their sincerity. Trevor Manuel is on the Rothschild payroll, and his wife Maria Ramos heads Barclays Africa, never take him seriously; besides he was minister of finance who did a neoliberal job so well, the world bank head hunted him. You think he was aiding our benefit? Stop playing games. Tito Mboweni, Ben Turok, Ronnie Kasrils, Pravin Gordhan, the lot of them; they are in the faction of White Monopoly Capital that captured the state at CODESA.

The other faction, led by Jacob Zuma, is the BRICS faction. Now the BRICS is a break away from white monopoly capital (your South African white companies and western companies) to making dealings with the Chinese, Indians, Russians. Zuma started to make this shift from the west when he came into presidency. All the ones who had been sidelined from the feasting and looting – catered for by white monopoly capital prior to the 2007 Polokwane elective conference – came to the party to a dinner served by the incoming Chinese capital and the normal state corruption of course as they were to be new deployees replacing the old guard that lost in the Polokwane conference.

cyril

Cyril Ramaphosa, although one of the biggest beneficiaries of white monopoly capital’s BEE, aligns himself with this faction because of his long standing disgruntlement with Thabo Mbeki; their history is quite public, starting post 1991 ANC elective conference in Durban, about the choices on who would deputise Mandela in his government presidency post 1994 elections and eventually succeed him. He is the glorious son of white capital however, so his loyalty to this faction is very questionable. This is the man who white capital made a billionaire by defrauding a man called Sam Molope – arguably South Africa’s most successful black businessman during apartheid, and a self made multimillionaire – in a very nefarious, barbaric process lasting from 1994 to 2001, that involved the United States Trade and Development Agency, Rebhold, Nedcor, Mercentile Bank and others, and left Sam Molope penniless at the end of it. He is likely setting up to wrestle power back from within this camp and take it back to white monopoly capital on a silver platter.

It is not that Zuma is corrupt, that he is lambasted by white media, rather it is who he is practising corruption with. Corruption in the ANC government has always existed, and in fact in way greater proportions before Zuma, the issue was not there before because the main beneficiaries were white monopoly capital entities. No one made a noise when Anglo American and other white companies monopolised coal supply to ESKOM, or when the ANC benefited from tender deals then. It was a problem when the Guptas did it, and when ANC benefits from other sources. Now Popo Molefe wants to make it a new thing that ANC got kickbacks from tenders in SOEs when crying about the R80 million PRASA locomotive saga, when the programmes and campaigns of the ANC have been funded this way forever now. The Arms Deal was one of the exemplar cases, and it implicated all the elite of the ANC.

Popo Molefe himself was premier of my home province, the North West, from 1994-2004; having forgotten his BPC, SASM and AZAPO days, he was a factionalist of the Mapogo faction in the North West, that was running municipalities bankrupt all over the province and in cahoots with platinum and Gold mines that continued unabated in the exploitation of mining communities while financing politicians to turn the blind eye as per CODESA agreement. Immediately after his tenure as premier ended in April 2004, he joined the Anooraq Resources Corporation, a platinum mining and exploration company from Canada, as co-nonexecutive chairperson, as was the trend of leaving public service to cushy position in white capital companies by the top brass of the ANC. Now people want to take moral high ground without implicating themselves in the rot they helped manufacture? They must wait and look in the mirror.

Before 2009, most ordinary people in South Africa didn’t even know what the public protector was, less known are the two previous incumbents of the office prior to Thuli Mandonsela. This is because until it was needed by white supremacy, the office was useless pretty much. It failed to investigate apartheid era crimes worth billions, include the CIEX report of 1997 that showed trails of R26 billion siphoned offshore by apartheid cabinet ministers and businesses and how it could be gotten back. What about Illicit Financial Flows out of the country facilitated by multinationals in South Africa, reported to be at 20% of the GDP annually in 2007 and could well be over R1 trillion a year from 2014?

Remember who owns the media outlets that are running with all the propaganda and who stands to benefit, remember Mark Twain yet again with his quote on newspapers and misinformation. Remember how Malcolm X said the media is the most powerful entity in the world because it has the power to make the innocent look guilty and the guilty look innocent. Don’t be caught up in hype, thoroughly understand what is going on.

4. PRAVIN GORDHAN IS AN OLD FRIEND OF WHITE MONOPOLY CAPITAL

While the media is doing its best to portray Pravin Gordhan as a superhero holding the economy “stable”, the biggest load of rubbish ever; they don’t tell you the real reason they want him there.

Pravin Gordhan was the candidate of choice for white monopoly capital after Nenegate to come “stabilise” the markets and economy. What they were saying is that they wanted someone they knew was on their side and would look after their interests and guard against Zuma’s coup supported by BRICS.

brics

Immediately after Nhlanhla Nene was replaced with Des van Rooyen, Johann Rupert met with Cyril Ramaphosa and Trevor Manuel and his wife Maria Ramos to discuss the removal of newly appointed Minister of Finance, Des van Rooyen.

The follow up of this meeting to was a meeting that took place on the night of the 13 December 2015. The following high ranking officials and bankers of white monopoly capital (multinational corporations included) met with the ANC Top 6 in seeking the removal of Des van Rooyen:

1. Barclays Africa Group Chief Executive Officer, Maria Ramos;

2. Goldman Sachs’ South Africa head, Colin Coleman;

3. Investec Bank’s global CEO, Stephen Koseff;

4. Imperial Holdings’ CEO, Mark Lamberti;

5. Sanlam CEO, Ian Kirk;

6. Business Leadership South Africa chairperson Bobby Godsell;

7. Toyota Europe CEO, Johan van Zyl and

8. First Rand CEO, Johan Burger.

Interestingly, these meetings were contravention of Section 4 of the Prevention and Combating of Corruption Activities Act, 2004 on the part of these leaders of white capital because they were actively seeking to influence state decisions as to was appointed into a cabinet portfolio and that is corruption. No one cared though, it is only news when it is supposedly the Guptas who appoint cabinet ministers.

Anyhow, white monopoly capital got the candidate they wanted put in place, Pravin Gordhan. However to fully understand Pravin Gordhan’s relationship with white monopoly capital, we must go back to CODESA. During the period when CODESA started to 1994, CODESA appointed The “Transitional Executive Committee” (TEC) that took control of the South African government in this period as an interim government of some sorts. This TEC comprised of a few leading ANC leaders and the ruling National Party. During this time, South Africa faced a balance of payments difficulty in 1993 which was the result of a siege on the economy by the apartheid regime. They had created huge debts with the IMF and World Bank – the twins of economic assassination – and part of the agreement at CODESA was that the incoming government would acquire and take over these debts.

The Transitional Executive Council subcommittee on finance included the likes of (wait for it):

Trevor Manuel (who went on to become minister of finance and is now head of Rothschild Africa), Maria Ramos (who went on to become the Director General of the National Treasury, left to be CEO of Transnet SOC, and is now Barclays Group Africa CEO), Pravin Gordhan (chair of CODESA from 1991-1994, and went on to become Commissioner of SARS from 1999 to 2009, the year Jacob Zuma appointed him Minister of Finance; he currently serves a second term in the ministry after Nenegate) Tito Mboweni (who was to become the first Minister of Labour in Mandela’s cabinet, then from 1999 became Reserve Bank Governor until 2009; currently international advisor for Goldman Sachs International) and they were led by Thabo Mbeki.

The TEC accepted, on December 1, 1993, an $850 million loan from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), signed first by South Africa’s current minister of finance, Pravin Gordhan. The loan included the following “terms and conditions” which Mandela’s ANC gladly accepted when they signed the deal and sold out the economic struggle:

> Lower import tariffs;

> Cuts in state spending,

> Large cuts in public sector wages;

> Free trade routes;

> Excessive flight capital off the borders of SA;

> Privatisation of state own enterprises;

> Fiscal controlled economy; and

> Last but very importantly, the ANC must move away from its radical position of nationalisation of mines, banks, other strategic industries of the economy and to abort its policy of expropriation of land; things that were documented even in the compromised Freedom Charter.

So now you know that Pravin Gordhan was the first signatory in the official selling out of the land and economy that countless Africans died for ever since 1652. His pen was one of those that defecated on the graves of Hintsa, Sekhukhune, Cetshwayo, Bambatha, Biko, Sobukwe, Lembede, Mashinini and many nameless heroes who laid down their lives for the land over the centuries.

He is not keeping the economy stable, he is keeping guard for a sell-out pact, and that is why the American Chamber of Commerce supports him saying South Africa needs him; its members are beneficiaries of this nefarious pact stealing the wealth of this country from its rightful owners. They need him, not us. They also need him to fight BRICS. What we need is our land and economy back.

Oh, and don’t listen to NGOs that are being funded by capitalists. They are actually criminal organisations too those ones, making poverty pornography with our people and pretending to be helping while they actually help facilitate the capital flight from the continent. Africa is a net creditor to the world, yet we are poor because of things like the pseudo-help industry of NGOs.

CLOSING REMARKS

Jacob Zuma has done nothing that is out of the ordinary in terms of corruption in government, he inherited a culture of corruption that is long standing in the ANC and continued with it.

What Jacob Zuma is being chastised for is that he is taking allegiances of economic pacts away from western capital to BRICS led by China. This is why White media has demonised heads of states in BRICS countries and we even saw President Rouseff of Brazil successfully impeached just weeks after the failed attempt to impeach Jacob Zuma in April.

BRICS poses a threat to the, up to thus far, uncontested hegemony of the International Monetary Fund–The World Bank Group–Bank for International Settlements cartel backed by the United Nations. They are forming the BRICS bank, that already bailed out ESKOM with billions of dollars – money that would normally have been loaned to ESKOM by IMF or the likes. The biggest threat of BRICS and BRICS bank however, has been its move to establish gold standard currency, Russia and China have done it and want to pass the system to all of BRICS. This would spell disaster for the Western fiat monetary system headed by the U.S. dollar and as such is being fought tooth and nail. China and Russia are even moving to replace SWIFT with CIPS (China International Payment System) for international payments (read more about it).

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Thus I advise that we treat with caution the calling for Zuma’s head. Who is calling for Zuma’s head? What are their allegiances? Where will the country’s economic go when his head falls?

I am all for Zuma falling, but not to play into the hands of white capital. The proper call is that the ANC must hand back the power to the people, and collectively admit they sold us. Because the faction opposing Zuma is filled with people who have blood on their hands too. Thus we can’t expect better. We cannot be having the country moving from one corrupt ANC faction to another corrupt ANC faction back and forth, the organisation in its entirety is tainted. They must do the honourable thing:

Give us the land back and retire, let the young clean ones take charge.

LASTLY: TO THE PEOPLE

In these tumultuous times, I believe that it is apparent that the state of affairs calls for revolutionary action. We are at a point in history where if we do nothing, the homeland will be gone forever. We have seen the masses of our black people running away from the lions to the blue Nile infested with crocodiles in the elections, because we have done nothing. The ANC failed to bring the land, they sold it away instead; the DA won’t give the land, they are a white monopoly capital defenders through and through. In fact the whole constitution of this country as it stands makes it impossible to bring the desired change for the ordinary black man living below the breadline on the street.

Let it be known that I am not vouching for BRICS. This on the basis that I cannot be certain that the two biggest countries in the world by land mass, and the two biggest economies of BRICS, might advance to becoming the new IMF/World Bank cartel themselves. All imperialism is bad, western and eastern. China has a track record of its own in imperialist affairs, the people of Tibet come to mind. They have also showed bad faith and exploitative capitalism in Zimbabwe, Uganda and Angola among other African countries they have invested in. The Russians are after all still Russians too, and we must remember that the casualties of the cold war were small countries like Vietnam, Cambodia, Burma and the valiant Cuba. So I have many reservations about BRICS. I however would like to have them as trade partners, not as exploitative “blessers” who sow money only to expect tenfold yields once you have become “indebted” to them. My imaginative post revolutionary stance would be economics heads of the continent reviewing engagement in activities with superpowers in a way that is more favourable to us as a continent, because if not we will forever be slaves. Moving from one Pimp to another is not an option we have.

The task has come to us the masses to craft a way forward and take charge of the destiny of the land of our forefathers because it won’t be handed to us. Without doing so, history will remember us harshly and our children will curse us. We cannot keep entrusting power to others, when they have failed dismally and the state is in illegitimate hands. Let us take charge and take the state back because we are the true custodians, by any means necessary – the onus is now on us. Freedom or death, we are to decide today.

Now that you know the truth, ask yourself if you are happy with the status quo. Also ask yourself what is the way forward. More importantly, act. We can no longer be complacent and uninvolved, this is a state of emergency and it implicates everyone of us my brethren.

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As a disclaimer to those who have not come across my many previous writings on politics – like the one of the Mandela Deception in 2013 – I am not a member of any political party, and I have never been. I am in no one’s pocket, and in no one’s corner but the corner of the masses of our people. I am an independent researcher, a political and social activist, and a scholar of Black Consciousness and Pan Afrikanism. What I do yearn for however is a United Front of all stakeholders who are genuinely interested in the true revolution and change of our homeland to come together and start heeding to the clarion call I highlight above as soon as yesterday. Things cannot afford to continue in this fashion. Let the land and wealth our forefathers died for be restored to its rightful heirs, it is ours. Izwe lethu.

I pause and submit here.

AFTER READING THIS ARTICLE FOLLOW UP WITH YAMKELA’S COMMENTARY, CLICK HERE

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  • Luthuli Dettachment

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    As observed in 1992-1993, a simple survey of disinformation on Joe Modise over the past 2 decades years also gives the impression of a systematic and multi-faceted campaign. Again, it also seems to be a campaign with extensive resources and media networks. The following are examples:

    RW Johnson – RW Johnson, a renowned racist and Western Cape Secessionist (see fin24 article by RW Johnson titled Independent Western Cape gains support as SA economy flounders, published on June 17 2016) was used as the springboard of the multiple conspiracy theories about Joe Modise. Hi background as a racist is well acknowledged and on 20 July 2010, he was labelled as such by 73 prominent writers and academics (see RW Johnson shames himself, disgraces London Review of Books, by Andy Rice published by the Daily Maverick on 22 July 22 2010). Here is an extract from the Daily Maverick article:

    While the complainants were referring to Johnson’s work in general, their specific objection was to an article posted on the LRB website under the title “After the World Cup”. The article appeared on 6 July and had finally been taken down after 13 days, but the URL of the vanished post suggested, ominously, that its original title had been “The Coming of the Baboons”. The New Left Project, under whose aegis the letter had been sent, kept the offending passages on file.

    “We are being besieged by baboons again,” Johnson wrote. “This happens quite often here on the Constantiaberg mountains (an extension of the Table Mountain range). Baboons are common in the Cape and they are a great deal larger than the vervet monkeys I was used to dealing with in KwaZulu-Natal. They jump onto roofs, overturn dustbins and generally make a nuisance of themselves; since their teeth are very dirty, their bite can be poisonous. They seem to have lots of baby baboons – it’s been a very mild winter and so spring is coming early – and they’re looking for food. The local dogs don’t like them but appear to have learned their lesson from the last baboon visit: then, a large rottweiler attacked the apes, who calmly tore it limb from limb.

    “Meanwhile in the squatter camps, there is rising tension as the threat mounts of murderous violence against foreign migrants once the World Cup finishes on 11 July. These migrants – Zimbabweans, Malawians, Congolese, Angolans, Somalis and others – are often refugees and they too are here essentially searching for food. The Somalis are the most enterprising and have set up successful little shops in the townships and squatter camps, but several dozen Somali shopkeepers have already been murdered, clearly at the instigation of local black shopkeepers who don’t appreciate the competition. The ANC is embarrassed by it all and has roundly declared that there will be no such violence. The truth is that no one knows. The place worst hit by violence in the last xenophobic riots here was De Doorns and the army moved into that settlement last week, clearly anticipating trouble. The tension is ominous and makes for a rather schizoid atmosphere as the Cup itself mounts towards its climax.”

    Now that all are familiar with this who RW Johnson really is, let’s look at some of the falsehoods he has peddled about Joe Modise. In his book, South Africa’s brave new world: the beloved country since the end of apartheid, he re-hashes apartheid era propaganda against Joe Modise but this is not entirely surprising. What is surprising is how some so called journalists, former comrades and “activists” such as Stanley Manong, Stephen Ellis, Stanley Manong, Terry Bell, Terry Crawford-Browne and others have used this book as a source of their information despite it having been discredited. First, in his claims on Modise, RW either does not provide sources or he presents dubious ones. For example, in a review of the book, academic Thula Simpson reveals that RW cites Vladimir Shubin’s book ANC: A View from Moscow as a source of one of the bizarre claims he makes about Modise but then Vladimir Shubin’s book actually offers no support for the claim Johnson makes. The Guardian’s David Beresford was also unkind when reviewing the book.

    [https://www.theguardian.com/books/2009/may/16/south-africa-brave-new-world-apartheid-rw-johnson]

    Beresford writes, “This hefty book should be on the shelves of every investigative journalist who nurses an interest in South Africa. Not for its disclosures – there being comparatively few of those, at least of a reliable nature – but as a record of pretty well every piece of unsubstantiated gossip to have circulated South Africa’s rumour mills.

    Johnson is an ace at “the cuttings job”. There are a couple of principles of which a good cuttings writer should be aware. One is to beware of plagiarism.…….. A second principle is that dead men cannot sue and may therefore be vilified to one’s heart’s content”

    Beresford further presents this hilarious assessment of one of RW’s claims…

    “But the dead are not the only people Johnson attacks. He writes that according to RW Johnson, “not only was (Robert) Mugabe one of the few people given a fore-warning of the events of 9/11, but he had actually allowed al-Qaeda militants to fly into Zimbabwe in the week following 9/11 to get fitted out with false Zimbabwean passports”, thus suggesting that Mugabe was an accomplice before and after the fact in the destruction of the twin towers. Turning to the relevant footnote for the source of this mind-boggling claim, I read: “See RW Johnson”.

    It boggles the mind how such a gravely flawed book can be used by individuals who claim to have any journalistic or academic integrity.

    Clearly, the apartheid era machinery that aimed at slandering MK leaders is clearly still operational today and the likes of RW Johnson, Paul Trewhela, RW Johnson, Stephen Ellis, Stanley Manong, Terry Bell, Terry Crawford-Browne, Jacob Dlamini picked up the mantle. It also appears as if Kebby Maphatsoe (himself a deserter) have also jumped on the slander train for personal, political and economic gain.

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  • Luthuli Dettachment

    Interesting read but too many conspiracies theories! I think that in South Africa’s current troubled political environment, it is critical for all to stay vigilant, to learn the facts and critically analyse information coming from the media, online bloggers e.tc.

    Recently the head of the uMkhonto weSizwe Military Veterans Association, Kebby Maphatsoe conceded in court that his statements about former intelligence minister Ronnie Kasrils were false, offensive and unacceptable and agreed to a R500,000 settlement. In 2014, Maphatsoe called the former minister a counter-revolutionary and accused him of orchestrating a plot to implicate President Jacob Zuma of rape. During the case, former Intelligence Minister and MK cadre Ronnie Kasrils urged politicians to mature with South Africa’s democracy. Kasrils also said that politicians must recognise that South Africa is no longer in an era of armed struggle. “The country has seen too much of the name calling, including people being called agents of the CIA, foreign powers, counter-revolutionaries and the like.”

    The question many citizens are asking, myself included is how and why we now have a situation where we are willing to slander struggle veterans, especially those who served in MK. Could it be that the ANC is fast losing its ability to provide thought leadership and ability to help the citizens of this country unpack complex issues. Added to this, many ANC cadres have joined Democratic Alliance (and other opposition) leaning journalists and writers in the use of apartheid era lies, conspiracy theories and slander to advance their own political and economic ambitions. Since the end of apartheid, the ANC has increasingly been slow to engage these falsehoods.

    In order to try and identify the source of much these conspiracy theories, I attempted to find out if academics, researchers and journalists have written about this before. What I found was fascinating. During the struggle and in the period leading to the transition, the apartheid government used a number tactics to fight the ANC, MK, PAC, and others. They heavily infiltrated these movements and used their agents to peddle dangerous conspiracy theories and slander. Often the key targets were the top leadership, for example, in the case of MK, it was mainly Joe Modise (head of MK) and Chris Hani (first commissar then chief of staff and deputy head of MK). Both were subject to awful lies and slander. Conspiracy theories were also spread about other leaders including OR Tambo, Winnie Mandela e.tc.

    Every ANC cadre and all citizens need to read carefully, the following article by Professor Padraig O’Malley where he covers the systematic character assassination of Chris Hani prior to and after he was shot dead by apartheid agents. What shocked me is how the assassination of Hani’s character parallels the assassination of Joe Modise’s character over the past 22 years. Does this mean that the same machinery that operated during the apartheid era is still alive and well today? To what extent are current and former ANC cadres aiding or active in pushing this sinister agenda? Anyway, here it goes;

    https://www.nelsonmandela.org/omalley/index.php/site/q/03lv02424/04lv02730/05lv03005/06lv03006/07lv03051/08lv03053.htm ].

    The following are some extracts from the long article, written in 1993….

    *** Confirmation of the machinery – In 1991 Major Nico Basson began talking to the press. Basson was the former head of the SADF Department of Military Intelligence Comops (i.e. disinformation) operation in the run-up to the Namibian independence elections in 1989. His revelations lifted the veil on one aspect of the apartheid regime’s intelligence networks.

    According to Basson: “Discrediting political leaders in the opposition camp is a popular strategy, especially in the army. In Namibia one of the main themes of the anti-Swapo strategy was the discrediting of the senior leadership of the party. In South Africa this strategy has also been used with great success.” (Vrye Weekblad, 12.4.91).

    *** Chris Hani and Bank robberies – In November last year (i.e.1992) the Goldstone Commission raided the secret head-quarters of the SADF’s Military Intelligence (MI) Department of Covert Collection. “With the assistance of reinforcements provided by the South African Police, the building housing the Military Intelligence unit was sealed and five files were seized”, the Goldstone Commission announced a few days later.

    What these five files (five presumably from among thousands whose contents remain unknown) showed was that the notorious ex-CCB agent, Ferdi Barnard, had been employed by MI until December 1991, despite official denials to the contrary. Barnard, a convicted double murderer, was employed by MI to discredit MK. The manner of discrediting, according to the Goldstone Commission, was to be by “linking it to criminal acts and crime syndicates. i.e. the ANC was accused of running networks of prostitutes, homosexuals and drug dealers.” (The Citizen, 17.11.92).

    This kind of dirty tricks campaign has continued, with or without Ferdi Barnard [recent champions have included Paul Trewhela, RW Johnson, Stephen Ellis, Stanley Manong, Terry Bell, Terry Crawford-Browne, Jacob Dlamini and many others).

    Professor Padraig O’Malley continues ………………………………. For instance, on Friday March 26th, fourteen days before Hani’s assassination, Solomon Mqanqeni and two others appeared in the Rand Supreme Court, charged with murder and bank robbery. The three were alleged to be members of an ANC inspired self defence unit, with MK connections. In a written statement, which Mqanqeni claimed had been extracted from him under duress, he alleged that the murder weapons were distributed to the group by Chris Hani and a “Tokyo” (an obvious reference to ANC PWV chairperson, Tokyo Sexwale). The statement further alleged that a portion of the loot from the bank robbery had been given to “Tokyo” in Shell House (the ANC headquarters).

    On the very evening of this statement being presented in court, and admitted as evidence, Mqanqeni and his accomplices mysteriously escaped from Diepkloof Prison. According to prison authorities, they drove out of the prison in the prison truck which had just brought them back from court. They apparently (and incredibly) drove out through a wide open front gate.

    Two days later, after the convenient court appearance and the alleged escape, Minister of Law and Order, Hernus Kriel went on the rampage against MK in parliament. He accused MK of being “nothing but criminals”. And referring to the negotiations demand for multi-party joint control over all armed formations, Kriel said: “We are not interested in joint control over criminals…we have declared war against war-mongers and criminals.” (The Citizen, 30.3.93)

    The Mqanqeni affair, with its sequel in parliament three days later, had all the hall-marks of a stage-managed operation. The investigating officers into the bank robbery and murders committed in the course of the robbery never once questioned, let alone contacted, either Hani or Sexwale. Yet the police and prosecutor were implicating them in extremely serious crimes. “These public servants seem to be more intent on making political propaganda than on investigating crimes”, the SACP central committee said in a press statement at the time.

    The circumstances of the fortuitous escape are also puzzling. Whatever the explanations for it, the escape prevented the SACP and the ANC cross-checking whether Mqanqeni and his co-accused were really ANC self defence unit members as alleged. At the time, Chris Hani, in a gesture typical of his generosity, expressed concern for the safety of Mqanqeni and his co-accused. “Having served a useful purpose, I am worried that they might now be eliminated. In the past, fabricated escapes have been used to eliminate individuals.”

    On the eve of his assassination, then, a systematic and intensified campaign of disinformation had been directed against Hani. Needless to say, virtually all of these stories were launched in the press without the basic journalistic courtesy of first getting comment from Hani, the SACP or the ANC. The journalists responsible showed as much journalistic inquisitiveness as the SAP in the Mqanqeni affair. It was the construction of disinformation not the pursuit of information that they were after.

    It is true that there were frequent denials from our side. We also called for Goldstone to investigate the Mqanqeni affair. But part of the disinformation war (or PSYOPS for psychological operations as it is known to its practitioners) is to create first and frequent impressions. The allegations need have no substance, and they may even be mutually contradictory (Hani was at once meant to be trying to take over MK and launch a separate renegade army, for instance). The point is to build an individual into a bogey, to surround him or her with continual controversy.

    Professor Padraig O’Malley continues ……………………………….

    *** Richard Ellis – Richard Ellis, the Johannesburg based correspondent for the London Sunday Times, has been one of the most active journalists in the disinformation campaign against Chris Hani. On January 31, 1993 he published a particularly offensive article on Hani, entitled “South Africa’s Saddam stakes his claim”.

    But Ellis, like others, did not confine himself to disinformation before the assassination. One week after the assassination, he made the most sinister of interventions (“Winnie Mandela links ANC with assassination of Hani”, Lon-don Sunday Times, 18.4.93). The head-line tells the story, Ellis claims that Winnie Mandela has alleged that Hani was murdered by political rivals within the ANC.

    When questioned, Ellis admitted he had not spoken to Mrs Mandela. When asked by the ANC’s Department of In-formation and Publicity why he had failed to seek comment from them, he claimed to have tried repeatedly, and that he had left messages with the telephone answering service, AutoPage. As it happens, AutoPage records all messages. Ellis had left no such message.

    Worse still, in the days following the London publication of this terrible lie, Ellis approached Democratic Party MP, Lester Fuchs, to raise the allegation in parliament. A last minute intervention by DP leader Zach De Beer stopped Fuchs. The CP MP, Schalk Pienaar did, however, try to give the story some local mileage by raising it in parliament.

    A simple survey of disinformation on Chris Hani over the last nine months (1992-1993) gives the impression of a systematic and multi-faceted campaign. It seems to be a campaign with extensive resources and media networks.

    An example of the complexities of the issues involved and the role of infiltrators in spreading these conspiracy theories is illustrated by views held by such cadres. On 21 July 1992, Professor Padraig O’Malley interviewed former ANC Quatro Prisoners.

    [https://www.nelsonmandela.org/omalley/cis/omalley/OMalleyWeb/03lv00017/04lv00344/05lv00607/06lv00644.htm]

    Here are extracts from an the interview with one Sipho Ngema, a suspected apartheid agent and former Quattro prisoner who was explaining the reasons for the 1984 Angola camp mutinies which Chris Hani is alleged to have ruthlessly crushed –

    Padraig O’Malley: What was the basis of the mutiny in 1984?
    Sipho Ngema: The reasons for those people to take up arms was because they were sick and tired of the corruption within the leadership of the ANC and another reason was that they realised that they were now becoming mercenaries because they were now being used by the MPLA government, which was procommunist,
    to fight against UNITA which was backed by the US. ………………. They wanted a conference so that the leadership should be reshuffled, actually changed because most of the leaders of the ANC like Chris Hani were now smuggling and selling diamonds, people like Joe Modise were selling mandrax (recently, the same conspiracy theories have been spread by racist author RW Johnson and others such as Terry Crawford-Browne).

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  • Ntsiki Ntuli

    The analysis is good, he must just take out Jewish conspiracy out of it. I agree this is about 2 powers West (established ) and East( emerging).
    My take is the answer lies in between the 2. We need leadership that take advantage of both worlds which would require a leadership capable and very wise in its approach!

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  • Rhadebe

    Thought provoking and well presented, Yamkela, although I don’t think the Pityana speech was aimed at denying anything that happened in the past other than highlighting the present day challenges. I guess one should focus on the main call made in the speech and align that with the constitutional court decision of March 2016 as well as other related matters including the issues of present day state capture by one family.
    As for your article, it exposes the history that has always been hidden from the masses. The accuracy thereof is not really relevant for me as I know these issues did rise up some time in the past and some in the TRC. There have always been sentiments that not all was disclosed in the TRC processes.

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  • Jozi

    Yamkela, this is very big story my friend and this belongs to the public. Your platform is hidden, people need to know this so they can decide on facts presented on their disposal. Now media know that they are the only source of information for the public they can chose anyone to support. I encourage you to take this to SABC or platform that will not edit your work or ignore it

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  • Luthuli Dettachment

    ————————————-

    As observed in 1992-1993, a simple survey of disinformation on Joe Modise over the past 2 decades years also gives the impression of a systematic and multi-faceted campaign. Again, it also seems to be a campaign with extensive resources and media networks. The following are examples:

    RW Johnson – RW Johnson, a renowned racist and Western Cape Secessionist (see fin24 article by RW Johnson titled Independent Western Cape gains support as SA economy flounders, published on June 17 2016) was used as the springboard of the multiple conspiracy theories about Joe Modise. Hi background as a racist is well acknowledged and on 20 July 2010, he was labelled as such by 73 prominent writers and academics (see RW Johnson shames himself, disgraces London Review of Books, by Andy Rice published by the Daily Maverick on 22 July 22 2010). Here is an extract from the Daily Maverick article:

    While the complainants were referring to Johnson’s work in general, their specific objection was to an article posted on the LRB website under the title “After the World Cup”. The article appeared on 6 July and had finally been taken down after 13 days, but the URL of the vanished post suggested, ominously, that its original title had been “The Coming of the Baboons”. The New Left Project, under whose aegis the letter had been sent, kept the offending passages on file.

    “We are being besieged by baboons again,” Johnson wrote. “This happens quite often here on the Constantiaberg mountains (an extension of the Table Mountain range). Baboons are common in the Cape and they are a great deal larger than the vervet monkeys I was used to dealing with in KwaZulu-Natal. They jump onto roofs, overturn dustbins and generally make a nuisance of themselves; since their teeth are very dirty, their bite can be poisonous. They seem to have lots of baby baboons – it’s been a very mild winter and so spring is coming early – and they’re looking for food. The local dogs don’t like them but appear to have learned their lesson from the last baboon visit: then, a large rottweiler attacked the apes, who calmly tore it limb from limb.

    “Meanwhile in the squatter camps, there is rising tension as the threat mounts of murderous violence against foreign migrants once the World Cup finishes on 11 July. These migrants – Zimbabweans, Malawians, Congolese, Angolans, Somalis and others – are often refugees and they too are here essentially searching for food. The Somalis are the most enterprising and have set up successful little shops in the townships and squatter camps, but several dozen Somali shopkeepers have already been murdered, clearly at the instigation of local black shopkeepers who don’t appreciate the competition. The ANC is embarrassed by it all and has roundly declared that there will be no such violence. The truth is that no one knows. The place worst hit by violence in the last xenophobic riots here was De Doorns and the army moved into that settlement last week, clearly anticipating trouble. The tension is ominous and makes for a rather schizoid atmosphere as the Cup itself mounts towards its climax.”

    Now that all are familiar with this who RW Johnson really is, let’s look at some of the falsehoods he has peddled about Joe Modise. In his book, South Africa’s brave new world: the beloved country since the end of apartheid, he re-hashes apartheid era propaganda against Joe Modise but this is not entirely surprising. What is surprising is how some so called journalists, former comrades and “activists” such as Stanley Manong, Stephen Ellis, Stanley Manong, Terry Bell, Terry Crawford-Browne and others have used this book as a source of their information despite it having been discredited. First, in his claims on Modise, RW either does not provide sources or he presents dubious ones. For example, in a review of the book, academic Thula Simpson reveals that RW cites Vladimir Shubin’s book ANC: A View from Moscow as a source of one of the bizarre claims he makes about Modise but then Vladimir Shubin’s book actually offers no support for the claim Johnson makes. The Guardian’s David Beresford was also unkind when reviewing the book.

    [https://www.theguardian.com/books/2009/may/16/south-africa-brave-new-world-apartheid-rw-johnson]

    Beresford writes, “This hefty book should be on the shelves of every investigative journalist who nurses an interest in South Africa. Not for its disclosures – there being comparatively few of those, at least of a reliable nature – but as a record of pretty well every piece of unsubstantiated gossip to have circulated South Africa’s rumour mills.

    Johnson is an ace at “the cuttings job”. There are a couple of principles of which a good cuttings writer should be aware. One is to beware of plagiarism.…….. A second principle is that dead men cannot sue and may therefore be vilified to one’s heart’s content”

    Beresford further presents this hilarious assessment of one of RW’s claims…

    “But the dead are not the only people Johnson attacks. He writes that according to RW Johnson, “not only was (Robert) Mugabe one of the few people given a fore-warning of the events of 9/11, but he had actually allowed al-Qaeda militants to fly into Zimbabwe in the week following 9/11 to get fitted out with false Zimbabwean passports”, thus suggesting that Mugabe was an accomplice before and after the fact in the destruction of the twin towers. Turning to the relevant footnote for the source of this mind-boggling claim, I read: “See RW Johnson”.

    It boggles the mind how such a gravely flawed book can be used by individuals who claim to have any journalistic or academic integrity.

    Clearly, the apartheid era machinery that aimed at slandering MK leaders is clearly still operational today and the likes of RW Johnson, Paul Trewhela, RW Johnson, Stephen Ellis, Stanley Manong, Terry Bell, Terry Crawford-Browne, Jacob Dlamini picked up the mantle. It also appears as if Kebby Maphatsoe (himself a deserter) have also jumped on the slander train for personal, political and economic gain.

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  • Luthuli Dettachment

    Interesting read but too many conspiracies theories! I think that in South Africa’s current troubled political environment, it is critical for all to stay vigilant, to learn the facts and critically analyse information coming from the media, online bloggers e.tc.

    Recently the head of the uMkhonto weSizwe Military Veterans Association, Kebby Maphatsoe conceded in court that his statements about former intelligence minister Ronnie Kasrils were false, offensive and unacceptable and agreed to a R500,000 settlement. In 2014, Maphatsoe called the former minister a counter-revolutionary and accused him of orchestrating a plot to implicate President Jacob Zuma of rape. During the case, former Intelligence Minister and MK cadre Ronnie Kasrils urged politicians to mature with South Africa’s democracy. Kasrils also said that politicians must recognise that South Africa is no longer in an era of armed struggle. “The country has seen too much of the name calling, including people being called agents of the CIA, foreign powers, counter-revolutionaries and the like.”

    The question many citizens are asking, myself included is how and why we now have a situation where we are willing to slander struggle veterans, especially those who served in MK. Could it be that the ANC is fast losing its ability to provide thought leadership and ability to help the citizens of this country unpack complex issues. Added to this, many ANC cadres have joined Democratic Alliance (and other opposition) leaning journalists and writers in the use of apartheid era lies, conspiracy theories and slander to advance their own political and economic ambitions. Since the end of apartheid, the ANC has increasingly been slow to engage these falsehoods.

    In order to try and identify the source of much these conspiracy theories, I attempted to find out if academics, researchers and journalists have written about this before. What I found was fascinating. During the struggle and in the period leading to the transition, the apartheid government used a number tactics to fight the ANC, MK, PAC, and others. They heavily infiltrated these movements and used their agents to peddle dangerous conspiracy theories and slander. Often the key targets were the top leadership, for example, in the case of MK, it was mainly Joe Modise (head of MK) and Chris Hani (first commissar then chief of staff and deputy head of MK). Both were subject to awful lies and slander. Conspiracy theories were also spread about other leaders including OR Tambo, Winnie Mandela e.tc.

    Every ANC cadre and all citizens need to read carefully, the following article by Professor Padraig O’Malley where he covers the systematic character assassination of Chris Hani prior to and after he was shot dead by apartheid agents. What shocked me is how the assassination of Hani’s character parallels the assassination of Joe Modise’s character over the past 22 years. Does this mean that the same machinery that operated during the apartheid era is still alive and well today? To what extent are current and former ANC cadres aiding or active in pushing this sinister agenda? Anyway, here it goes;

    https://www.nelsonmandela.org/omalley/index.php/site/q/03lv02424/04lv02730/05lv03005/06lv03006/07lv03051/08lv03053.htm ].

    The following are some extracts from the long article, written in 1993….

    *** Confirmation of the machinery – In 1991 Major Nico Basson began talking to the press. Basson was the former head of the SADF Department of Military Intelligence Comops (i.e. disinformation) operation in the run-up to the Namibian independence elections in 1989. His revelations lifted the veil on one aspect of the apartheid regime’s intelligence networks.

    According to Basson: “Discrediting political leaders in the opposition camp is a popular strategy, especially in the army. In Namibia one of the main themes of the anti-Swapo strategy was the discrediting of the senior leadership of the party. In South Africa this strategy has also been used with great success.” (Vrye Weekblad, 12.4.91).

    *** Chris Hani and Bank robberies – In November last year (i.e.1992) the Goldstone Commission raided the secret head-quarters of the SADF’s Military Intelligence (MI) Department of Covert Collection. “With the assistance of reinforcements provided by the South African Police, the building housing the Military Intelligence unit was sealed and five files were seized”, the Goldstone Commission announced a few days later.

    What these five files (five presumably from among thousands whose contents remain unknown) showed was that the notorious ex-CCB agent, Ferdi Barnard, had been employed by MI until December 1991, despite official denials to the contrary. Barnard, a convicted double murderer, was employed by MI to discredit MK. The manner of discrediting, according to the Goldstone Commission, was to be by “linking it to criminal acts and crime syndicates. i.e. the ANC was accused of running networks of prostitutes, homosexuals and drug dealers.” (The Citizen, 17.11.92).

    This kind of dirty tricks campaign has continued, with or without Ferdi Barnard [recent champions have included Paul Trewhela, RW Johnson, Stephen Ellis, Stanley Manong, Terry Bell, Terry Crawford-Browne, Jacob Dlamini and many others).

    Professor Padraig O’Malley continues ………………………………. For instance, on Friday March 26th, fourteen days before Hani’s assassination, Solomon Mqanqeni and two others appeared in the Rand Supreme Court, charged with murder and bank robbery. The three were alleged to be members of an ANC inspired self defence unit, with MK connections. In a written statement, which Mqanqeni claimed had been extracted from him under duress, he alleged that the murder weapons were distributed to the group by Chris Hani and a “Tokyo” (an obvious reference to ANC PWV chairperson, Tokyo Sexwale). The statement further alleged that a portion of the loot from the bank robbery had been given to “Tokyo” in Shell House (the ANC headquarters).

    On the very evening of this statement being presented in court, and admitted as evidence, Mqanqeni and his accomplices mysteriously escaped from Diepkloof Prison. According to prison authorities, they drove out of the prison in the prison truck which had just brought them back from court. They apparently (and incredibly) drove out through a wide open front gate.

    Two days later, after the convenient court appearance and the alleged escape, Minister of Law and Order, Hernus Kriel went on the rampage against MK in parliament. He accused MK of being “nothing but criminals”. And referring to the negotiations demand for multi-party joint control over all armed formations, Kriel said: “We are not interested in joint control over criminals…we have declared war against war-mongers and criminals.” (The Citizen, 30.3.93)

    The Mqanqeni affair, with its sequel in parliament three days later, had all the hall-marks of a stage-managed operation. The investigating officers into the bank robbery and murders committed in the course of the robbery never once questioned, let alone contacted, either Hani or Sexwale. Yet the police and prosecutor were implicating them in extremely serious crimes. “These public servants seem to be more intent on making political propaganda than on investigating crimes”, the SACP central committee said in a press statement at the time.

    The circumstances of the fortuitous escape are also puzzling. Whatever the explanations for it, the escape prevented the SACP and the ANC cross-checking whether Mqanqeni and his co-accused were really ANC self defence unit members as alleged. At the time, Chris Hani, in a gesture typical of his generosity, expressed concern for the safety of Mqanqeni and his co-accused. “Having served a useful purpose, I am worried that they might now be eliminated. In the past, fabricated escapes have been used to eliminate individuals.”

    On the eve of his assassination, then, a systematic and intensified campaign of disinformation had been directed against Hani. Needless to say, virtually all of these stories were launched in the press without the basic journalistic courtesy of first getting comment from Hani, the SACP or the ANC. The journalists responsible showed as much journalistic inquisitiveness as the SAP in the Mqanqeni affair. It was the construction of disinformation not the pursuit of information that they were after.

    It is true that there were frequent denials from our side. We also called for Goldstone to investigate the Mqanqeni affair. But part of the disinformation war (or PSYOPS for psychological operations as it is known to its practitioners) is to create first and frequent impressions. The allegations need have no substance, and they may even be mutually contradictory (Hani was at once meant to be trying to take over MK and launch a separate renegade army, for instance). The point is to build an individual into a bogey, to surround him or her with continual controversy.

    Professor Padraig O’Malley continues ……………………………….

    *** Richard Ellis – Richard Ellis, the Johannesburg based correspondent for the London Sunday Times, has been one of the most active journalists in the disinformation campaign against Chris Hani. On January 31, 1993 he published a particularly offensive article on Hani, entitled “South Africa’s Saddam stakes his claim”.

    But Ellis, like others, did not confine himself to disinformation before the assassination. One week after the assassination, he made the most sinister of interventions (“Winnie Mandela links ANC with assassination of Hani”, Lon-don Sunday Times, 18.4.93). The head-line tells the story, Ellis claims that Winnie Mandela has alleged that Hani was murdered by political rivals within the ANC.

    When questioned, Ellis admitted he had not spoken to Mrs Mandela. When asked by the ANC’s Department of In-formation and Publicity why he had failed to seek comment from them, he claimed to have tried repeatedly, and that he had left messages with the telephone answering service, AutoPage. As it happens, AutoPage records all messages. Ellis had left no such message.

    Worse still, in the days following the London publication of this terrible lie, Ellis approached Democratic Party MP, Lester Fuchs, to raise the allegation in parliament. A last minute intervention by DP leader Zach De Beer stopped Fuchs. The CP MP, Schalk Pienaar did, however, try to give the story some local mileage by raising it in parliament.

    A simple survey of disinformation on Chris Hani over the last nine months (1992-1993) gives the impression of a systematic and multi-faceted campaign. It seems to be a campaign with extensive resources and media networks.

    An example of the complexities of the issues involved and the role of infiltrators in spreading these conspiracy theories is illustrated by views held by such cadres. On 21 July 1992, Professor Padraig O’Malley interviewed former ANC Quatro Prisoners.

    [https://www.nelsonmandela.org/omalley/cis/omalley/OMalleyWeb/03lv00017/04lv00344/05lv00607/06lv00644.htm]

    Here are extracts from an the interview with one Sipho Ngema, a suspected apartheid agent and former Quattro prisoner who was explaining the reasons for the 1984 Angola camp mutinies which Chris Hani is alleged to have ruthlessly crushed –

    Padraig O’Malley: What was the basis of the mutiny in 1984?
    Sipho Ngema: The reasons for those people to take up arms was because they were sick and tired of the corruption within the leadership of the ANC and another reason was that they realised that they were now becoming mercenaries because they were now being used by the MPLA government, which was procommunist,
    to fight against UNITA which was backed by the US. ………………. They wanted a conference so that the leadership should be reshuffled, actually changed because most of the leaders of the ANC like Chris Hani were now smuggling and selling diamonds, people like Joe Modise were selling mandrax (recently, the same conspiracy theories have been spread by racist author RW Johnson and others such as Terry Crawford-Browne).

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  • Ntsiki Ntuli

    The analysis is good, he must just take out Jewish conspiracy out of it. I agree this is about 2 powers West (established ) and East( emerging).
    My take is the answer lies in between the 2. We need leadership that take advantage of both worlds which would require a leadership capable and very wise in its approach!

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  • Rhadebe

    Thought provoking and well presented, Yamkela, although I don’t think the Pityana speech was aimed at denying anything that happened in the past other than highlighting the present day challenges. I guess one should focus on the main call made in the speech and align that with the constitutional court decision of March 2016 as well as other related matters including the issues of present day state capture by one family.
    As for your article, it exposes the history that has always been hidden from the masses. The accuracy thereof is not really relevant for me as I know these issues did rise up some time in the past and some in the TRC. There have always been sentiments that not all was disclosed in the TRC processes.

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  • Jozi

    Yamkela, this is very big story my friend and this belongs to the public. Your platform is hidden, people need to know this so they can decide on facts presented on their disposal. Now media know that they are the only source of information for the public they can chose anyone to support. I encourage you to take this to SABC or platform that will not edit your work or ignore it

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