From: www.sbf.org.za and www.azapo.org.za/
On September 12,1977, the white racist minority regime killed Bantu Steve Biko. Almost thirty seven (37) days after Biko ‘s brutal death, on the 19th October 1977 the racist regime announced the banning of almost the entire spectrum of the Black Consciousness Movement Organisations comprising :-
* Black Women Federation
* Border Youth Organisation
* Black Community Programmes (B.C.P)
* South African Students Organisation (SASO)
* Black People’s Convention (B.P.C)
* Black Parents Association (B.P.A)
* Zimele Trust Fund
* Western Cape Youth Organisation
* Union of Black Journalists (U.B.J)
* Transvaal Youth Organisation
* Soweto Students Representative Council (SSRC)
* National Association of Youth Organisations (NAYO)
* Natal Youth Organisation
* Medupe Writers Organisation
* Eastern Province Youth Organisation
Other Organisations banned on the same day were :
* The Association for the Educational and Cultural Advancement of the African People of South Africa (Asseca)
* The Christian Institute of Southern Africa
Along with these organisations, the regime also banned the two sister Newspapers, The World and the Weekend World which were both edited by Percy Qoboza. These Newspapers are the predecessors of The Sowetan.
In a nationwide swoop on the same day, the regime raided and arrested almost all people in the leadership positions of all the Black Consciousness Movement formations.
These included leaders such as:-
* Hlaku Rachidi
* Drake Tshenkeng
* Thandisizwe Mazibuko
* Mpotseng Kgokong
* Aubrey Mokoena
* George Wauchope
* Madikwe Manthata
* Thami Zani
* Sedupe Ramokgopa
and others who were detained under section 10 of the Internal Security Act. Since then, Azapo continues to commemorate this day.
Bantu Steve Biko
Timeline of Education and Politics
1946 – 18 December, Bantu Steve Biko is born in Tarkastad. He is brought up in Ginsberg, King Williams Town and he attends the Charles Morgan Primary School and the Forbes Grant secondary school. He joins his elder brother Khaya at Lovedale Institution and is expelled because of his brother’s political activities. He moves on to attend St. Francis College in Marianhill in what was Natal.
1966 (age 19) – Attends the University of Natal (Non-European section) at Wentworth as a medical student.
1969 (age 22) – forms the South Africa Student’s Organisation (SASO) and is elected as its first president. Also forms the Black People’s Convention (BPC).
1972 (age 25) – helps form and works for Black Community Programmes (BCP) and the university discontinues his medical studies.
1973 (age 26) – banned and restricted to King William’s Town for five years. Not allowed to work for any political organizations, not allowed to be published or quoted.
1974 (age 27) – Arrested and discharged a number of times. On occasions charged and acquitted.
1975 (age 28) – Founds Zimele Trust Fund and Ginsberg Educational Trust. Is detained and held for 137 days without charge or trial.
1976 (age 29) – Elected as Honorary President of BPC. Subpoenaed to give testimony in the SASO-BPC trial. Detained in solitary confinement for 101 days.
1977 (age 30) – Arrested in March, detained and then released. Arrested again in July, charged, acquitted. Arrested again on the 18 August.
12 September, dies in police custody.
25 September, funeral.
14 November to 2 December, inquest into his death.